Southampton Township is a rural community in south-central New Jersey, U.S.A. It covers a total of 43.31 square miles, 74% of it located in the Pinelands Preserve . The community has a population of 10,464 according to the census. The historic village of Vincentown is at the center of the community on the south branch of the Rancocas Creek and is the location of the municipal government headquarters. Southampton Township is intersected by three major highways: North/South Route 206 and East/West Route 38 and Route 70.